STEPCRAFT Specifications

STEPCRAFT Specifications

Will the D-Series Machines fit into the enclosure with the Performance Upgrade Kit added?

Yes, the machines will fit into their respective enclosures if you decide to add the performance kit to the the machine.

The Performance Upgrade is a new product that allows you to convert your D-Series D.840, D.600, or D.420 to dual Y axis motors thus eliminating the drive belt and increasing performance from 50 mm/sec to 70 mm/sec.

For more information on the performance kits, please visit:

They are manufactured in Menden Germany.  If you would like to take a virtual tour of the factory, click

What type of warranty does STEPCRAFT offer?

STEPCRAFT offers a full two-year warranty on all STEPCRAFT brand products and accessories.

The full outline of what is covered is available on the following link:

What is the total usable Z height on the D-Series CNC?

The D-Series 420, 600 and 840 all have a max Z height of 140mm (5.51″). However this does not represent the maximum height of material you can process. From this height you need to subtract the spindle collet nut stick out as well as the length of the cutting tool you are using.

The following represents the spindle and spindle nut stick out you get on a D-Series machine with the HF-500 and MM-1000 spindles

HF-500: 31mm (1.22″)
MM-1000: 38.6mm (1.52″)
MM-1000 (with single spacer): 32.56mm (1.28″)
MM-1000 (with dual spacers): 26.34mm (1.04″)

  • NOTE: This is the case with just about every CNC machine on the market, not just STEPCRAFT CNC. Most all CNC machines will have spindle and spindle nut/tool holder stick out that takes away from the usable Z height.

So if you take into consideration the MM-1000 with dual spacers, you would have a total Z height of 140mm (5.51″) minus 26.34mm (1.04″) leaving you with a new max Z height of 113.66mm (4.47″).

Now depending on what you intend to do, you can use this new value to plan your project. If you want to cut all the way through material, you would need to have a tool that is long enough, which you would further subtract from the new Z height value.

Example 1: New Z Value is 113.66mm (4.47″), if you divide that number in half, that would mean you can use a piece of material that is 56.83mm (2.23″) thick and the tool would have to stick out 56.83mm (2.23″) as well.

  • NOTE: This would also mean that the cutting height of the tool would have to be a min of 56.83mm (2.23″) or you run the risk of rubbing the shank of the tool on the material.

Example 2: If you intend to only engrave on top of a piece of material, then your tool stick out can be much less. If you use an engraving blank that sticks out say 12mm from the bottom of the collet nut, then that means you can have a max material height of 101.66mm (4″).

  • NOTE: please keep in mind you should also allow for a couple 2-3mm of Z height clearance for rapid, non-cutting moves on the CNC as well. So you would subtract another 2-3mm from the above numbers in a practical application.
Visual Example, Kress spindle with double 5mm spacers

TWO SIDED MACHINING – For thicker material

One way that you can increase your max material thickness that you can cut through is using double sided machining.

Example: You can take your new Z value of 113.66mm (4.47″) and divide that into thirds. This would mean you can have a material thickness of 75.33mm (2.96″), or two-thirds and using a cutter with a length of 38mm (1.49″) you can cut one side of the project and then flip it over and cut the other side – so you are using a shorter cutter to cut through a thicker material by cutting each side.

Here is the profiles of the MM-1000 (top) and HF-500 (bottom)
The HF-500 has a stick out from the bottom of the orange tool holder to the bottom of the collet nut of 31mm.
The MM-1000 without spacer rings has a stick out from the bottom of the orange tool holder to the bottom of the collet nut of 38.6mm.
The MM-1000 with a single spacer ring has a stick out from the bottom of the orange tool holder to the bottom of the collet nut of 32.56mm.
The MM-1000 with dual spacer rings has a stick out from the bottom of the orange tool holder to the bottom of the collet nut of 26.34mm.



STEPCRAFT CNC machines have two parameters in the specifications for their machines: Clamping Surface and Travel Distance

Clamping Surface is maximum size of work material that you can place onto the machines bed.   Travel Distance is the maximum amount that the gantry and cutting bit will move.

As an example, the STEPCRAFT-2/300 has a clamping surface of 14.96″ x 8.74″ (380x222mm) but the travel distance is equal to 11.81″ x 8.27″ (300x210mm). This means that you can place a slightly larger workpiece onto the bed than you can actually cut.

The number that is most important when choosing which size STEPCRAFT machine to buy is the Travel Distance.

The following chart reflects these sizes as well as the overall dimension of the machines.  Clamping Distance is the middle set of dimensions and Travel Distance is the Lower Set of Dimensions.

The maximum speed for all Stepcraft V2 machines is 50 mm/sec (107 inches/min)

Keep in mind that there are very few materials where you will cut at full speed.  Many times you will run closer to half the speed but you will be able to take deeper passes. The actual speed that you will run at will largely depend on the material and the end mill (bit or cutter).

What is the maximum project height I can 3D print?

The maximum print height is as follows:

STEPCRAFT 420, 600 and 840 – 120mm (4.72″)

STEPCRAFT 300 – 92mm (3.62″)

If you are using the STEPCRAFT Heated Bed, then you need to subtract 17mm (.67″) from the total print height.

What is the maximum height of the work material that I can place on the work bed?

The total travel distance for the Z axis is 5.5″. However, you need to keep in mind that some of that height will be used up by the systemheld tool that you place on the machine.  For example, the HF500 spindle and collet stick below the tool holder by about 1.2″  This would reduce the total material height to 4.3″  From that you need to account for the length of the tool as well.


The main difference is in the physical size, specifically in the X and Y dimensions.  However, the model 300 does have a shorter Z axis dimension of 3.12″ versus 5.5″ on the 420, 600 and 840 models.

The speed, controller board, software and functionality of each machine is exactly the same.

There were many improvements that were made with the release of the Version 2 machines, including:

  • Thicker gantry uprights
  • A taller and more robust X axis cross extrusion
  • The speed was increased from 30 mm/sec to 50 mm/sec
  • Each axis is supported by 4 track rollers on V2 rather than 3 on the V1
  • The motors are larger
  • The lead screws are larger with a more aggressive thread pitch
  • The Z axis is taller on all V2 machines, and the 420, 600 and 840 are even taller than the 300
  • The Z axis tool holder plate is longer to support larger spindles like the Kress 800


What is the collet range sizes that the HF-500 Spindle can accept?

The HF-500 can support up to 8mm ER11 collets.  The most popular in North America are 1/8” and 1/4”, but they have collets that range from 1mm to 8mm that will work.   The ER11 is an industry standard that determines the overall collet size.  ER11, ER16, ER20, ER25 are all common sizes.   But the HF 500 and our Tool Changer tool holders for the MM-1000 are both designed for the ER11.


The level of accuracy that you will achieve with a STEPCRAFT CNC is based a lot on how well the machine was assembled and how well it is maintained. If your machine is setup with a lot of movement in the gantry and lead screws, this will equate to less accuracy at the bit.   However if you take the time to not only setup and maintain the machine properly, but also take the time to do the software backlash compensation, then you can see accuracies of .001″ or better.   On average a customer can expect .0015″ – .003″ of accuracy in their machine.

What collet sizes come with the HF-500 spindle?

The HF-500 Spindle comes with 1/8″ and 1/4″ collets.  It uses standard ER11 collets and you can get them in metric sizes as well.  The 1/4″ is the largest that they make for ER11 and 8mm is the largest metric size.


What clamping system comes with the Stepcraft CNC system?

The Stepcraft CNC machines come with a White Formica hardboard table and a pair of cross clamps that fit into integrated slots in the inner frame of the machine.  These cross clamps have bolts in them which will allow you to secure material up to about  1/2″ in thickness.  Another alternative for fastening material is to use double sided tape and stick it to the white top.  This will securely hold the material in place while you cut it.  Another common practice is to cut a piece of 3/4″ MDF to the size of the word table and secure that to the white surface using double sided tape.  This will also act as a waste board and it will allow you to screw material into the board to secure it.

Stepcraft also sells a T-slot table option for all of their machines except the 210.  This will allow you to clamp the material using either Stepcraft Clamps or a variety of aftermarket T-slot clamps.

In most cases you will need some sort of waste board under your work material to prevent you from damaging the white table or T-slot table.


What are the differences between the 5 different STEPCRAFT Desktop CNC models?

The STEPCRAFT 210 is based on a version 1 of the STEPCRAFT CNC product line.  It will have a very small work area as well as a max speed of around 30mm/sec and a lower Z height (around 3″).  The STEPCRAFT-2/300 has the same specs in terms of speed and functionality as the 420, 600 and 840, but the Z height is slightly shorter (around 4″) as compared to the 5.5″ of the other machines.  The STEPCRAFT-2/420, STEPCRAFT-2/600 and STEPCRAFT-2/840 all have the same basic specs with the exception of the total work area size in the X and Y dimensions.   The following chart will help illustrate the differences between the different size STEPCRAFT desktop CNC machines.


Stepcraft desktop cnc machine sizes



Yes we have a chart that shows all 5 machines.   The bottom dimensions “Travel Distance” is the largest workpiece that you can use on each machine


Is the Stepcraft-2/840 machine your largest model?

The D.840 is the largest model of our D-SERIES Machines, with a usable work area of 33″ long by 23.5″ wide.  The length can be unlimited as you can pass material through the machine, so you could run long projects through it, such as an 8 foot long sign.  Your only limitation is the 23.5″ width.  Our Q-SERIES Machines come in 2′ x 4′, 4′ x 4′, and 4′ x 8′

It really depends on what you are using for a spindle, bit and what type of material that you are using.  Statistically larger diameter bits will produce more noise.  The same is true for using a router as a spindle instead of a CNC spindle like the HF500 from STEPCRAFT.  It also depends on what you are using for attachments.  For example, if you are using the 3D Printer, foam cutter, drag knife, engraving point or wood burning pen, then the only noise you will hear is the rhythmic whine of the stepper motors working in unison together.  If you are using a Dewalt DW611 router with a 1/4″ end mill then the noise will be much greater; about the sound of an electric hand mixer but not as loud as a blender.

If noise is a concern for you, then you can consider getting a STEPCRAFT Enclosure which will reduce noice by as much as 50%.

How much of STEPCRAFT CNC machines are “Made In Germany”?


Quality standard of STEPCRAFT products

The machine series STEPCRAFT 210, 300, 420, 600 and 840 grant the designation “Made in Germany”. With respective to the objective of value and origin of the individual components nearly 90 % comes from German suppliers:

 Value percentage %  Germany Switzerland, China
 Electronics & Software  33 %  3 %
 Mechanics  56 %  8 %
 Total  89 %  11 %


Most of the suppliers have their head office not far from Menden, the location of STEPCRAFT. The advantages are clear:

– Availability of replacement parts
– Quality assurance of the manufacturing process
– Short fabrication and delivery times
– Better transparency and value for money
– Optimization of logistical processes
– Quick response times

The speed of a CNC is usually measured in in/min (inches per minute) or mm/sec (millimeters per second), if metric. This refers to the feed rate of the machine.  Meaning how fast the cutter can move though material.

A STEPCRAFT CNC (version 2) will move at a rate of 50 mm/sec or 117.6 in/min.

Just because that is the maximum speed of a CNC machine does not mean that is the speed you will run at all the time. In fact, many materials will require you to run much slower than that.  For instance, cutting a piece of 1/4″ plywood would require a feed rate of about 25 mm/sec, whereas cutting 6061 aluminum would be slower at around 15 mm/sec depending on the bit you are using.  If you were cutting or carving foam, then you could most likely run at full speed.  However cutting hard wood like maple will require you to run much slower.

A general rule of thumb with a STEPCRAFT is for most materials to start running at 20 mm/sec and then adjust the speed while the job is running in UCCNC to obtain the best performance and cut quality and the best cutter life.  Once you determine the optimal feed rate you can calculate that and set it up on a cheat sheet or in the tool library for future use.

For example, if you setup a job to run at 20 mm/sec and once running you find that you can go faster and you increase the feed rate to 140%.  Then you can setup the tool in the Vectric tool library (or tool library for your CAM program of choice) with a new feed rate of 28 mm/sec (20 mm/sec x 140%).  Now you can recall that tool the next time you run that material and it will automatically have the correct feed rate programmed in so you don’t need to remember.

When you are working with a hobby, light duty or non-production CNC, then the max feed rate is not as important as ease of use, accuracy and reliability.  If you were running a production shop with a high end CNC mill that costs upwards of $100k, then max speeds would be more of a consideration.

Take care of your machine and do not push it beyond its capacity and it will last you a long time with very little maintenance requirements and your tools (bits) will last much longer as well.

STEPCRAFT CNC systems require that they are connected to a computer via a USB cable.  Having the machine connected to a computer may not be as convenient but the ability to make file changes and reset parameters of the CNC from the computer saves a lot of time.]

Does STEPCRAFT support industry-standard G and M codes?

Yes, the STEPCRAFT CNC systems are compatible with FANUC G and M codes.  For more information on these codes, please see this link

Does STEPCRAFT support helical interpolation?

Yes, you can easily do spiral (helical) ramping with most standard CAM software programs, which will generate the G Code for you.  Vectric programs, such as Cut 2D and VCarve support this with the click of a button.